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Child Sex Offenses and Registration in Colorado

There are several categories of child sex offenses in Colorado law. Some offenses are subject to lifetime supervision sentencing provisions for sex offenders, and some are not. The following offenses require registration as a sex offender.

Child Sex Offenses that Require Registration

Enticement of a Child

  • Inviting or persuading, or attempting to invite or persuade, with the intent to commit sexual assault or unlawful sexual contact, a child under the age of 15 into a vehicle, building, room, or secluded place (Section 18-3-305 (2), C.R.S.)
  • Inviting or persuading, or attempting to invite or persuade, with the intent to commit sexual assault or unlawful sexual contact, a child under the age of 15 into a vehicle, building, room, or secluded place, when the offender has a previous conviction for enticement of a child or sexual assault on a child or the enticement causes bodily injury to that child (Section 18-3-305 (2), C.R.S.)

Internet Luring of a Child

  • Communicating a statement over a computer or computer network, telephone network, or data network or by a text message or instant message to a person the actor knows or believes to be a child under the age of 15 that describes explicit sexual conduct, and in connection with the communication, making a statement persuading or inviting the child to meet for any purpose when the person is more than four years older than the child (Section 18-3-306 (1), C.R.S.)
  • Internet luring of a child with the intent to meet for the purpose of engaging in the crimes of sexual exploitation of a child or unlawful sexual contact (Section 18-3-306 (3), C.R.S.)

Unlawful Sexual Contact

Any sexual contact where the actor:

  • knows that the victim does not consent (Section 18-3-404 (1)(a), C.R.S.);
    knows that the victim is incapable of appraising the nature of the victim’s conduct (Section 18-3-404 (1)(b), C.R.S.);
    knows the victim is physically helpless and has not consented (Section 18-3-404 (1) (c), C.R.S.);
    has substantially impaired the victim’s power to appraise or control the victim’s conduct by employing any drug,
    intoxicant, or other means for the purpose of causing submission (Section 18-3-404 (1)(d), C.R.S.); or
    has supervisory or disciplinary authority over a victim who is in custody of law or detained in a hospital or other institution, and uses that authority to coerce the victim to submit (Section 18-3-404 (1)(f), C.R.S.).
  • Inducing or coercing a child under the age of 18 to expose intimate parts or engage in any sexual contact, intrusion, or penetration with another person for the purpose of the actor’s own sexual gratification (Section 18-3-404 (1.5), C.R.S.)
  • Sexual contact that occurs when an actor engages in treatment or examination of a victim for other than bona fide medical purposes or in a manner substantially inconsistent with reasonable medical purposes
    (Section 18-3-404 (1)(g), C.R.S.)
  • Using force or threat of force to induce or coerce a child to expose intimate parts or engage in any sexual contact, intrusion, or penetration with another person for the purpose of the actor’s own sexual gratification
    (Section 18-3-404 (2)(b), C.R.S.)

Sexual Assault or Exploitation on a Child

  • Any sexual contact committed by an actor who is at least four years older than a victim who is under the age of 15 (Section 18-3-405 (2), C.R.S.)
  • Any sexual contact committed by an actor who is at least four years older than a victim who is under the age of 15, where the actor applied force, or threatened death, injury, kidnapping, or future retaliation, or the actor committed the offense as part of a pattern of sexual abuse (Section 18-3-405 (2), C.R.S.)
  • Any sexual contact committed on a child who is older than 15 years of age but less than 18 years of age (that is not part of a pattern of sexual abuse) by an actor who is in a position of trust with respect to that child (Section 18-3-405.3 (3), C.R.S.)
  • Any sexual contact committed on a child who is less than 15 years of age or as part of a pattern of sexual abuse by an actor who is in a position of trust with respect to that child (Section 18-3-405.3 (2), C.R.S.)
  • Use of a computer network, telephone network, or data network or by a text message or instant message by an individual who is at least four years older than a child whom the actor knows or believes to be under the age of 15 to invite, entice, or importune such child to: expose or touch the child’s own or another’s intimate parts while communicating with the individual over the computer network, or data network or by a text message or instant message; or observe the individual’s intimate parts while communicating via a computer network, or data network or by a text message or instant message (Section 18-3-405.4 (1), C.R.S.)
  • Any sexual contact between a psychotherapist and a victim who is a client of the psychotherapist (Section 18-3-405.5 (2), C.R.S.)
  • Sexual penetration or sexual intrusion on a victim who is a patient by a psychotherapist (Section 18-3-405.5 (1), C.R.S.)
  • Sexual exploitation of a child by possession of sexually exploitative material (Section 18-6-403 (5), C.R.S.)
  • The second or subsequent offense of sexual exploitation of a child by possession of sexually exploitative material, or a first or subsequent offense of possession of a video, recording or broadcast of moving visual images, motion picture, or more than 20 different items qualifying as sexually exploitative material (Section 18-6-403 (5), C.R.S.)
  • Knowingly causing a child to engage in or be used for explicit sexual conduct or trafficking in sexually exploitative material (Section 18-6-403 (5), C.R.S.)
  • Selling, recruiting, harboring, transporting, transferring, isolating, enticing, providing, receiving, or obtaining by any means, or making available a minor for the purpose of commercial sexual activity (Section 18-3-504 (2), C.R.S.)
  • Intentionally giving, transporting, providing, or making available, or offering to give, transport, provide, or make available a child for the purpose of sexually exploiting the child (Section 18-6-404, C.R.S.)
  • Soliciting another person, arranging a meeting, or directing another person to a place for the purpose of child prostitution (Section 18-7-402 (2), C.R.S.)
  • Arranging or offering to arrange a situation in which a child may practice prostitution (Section 18-7-403 (2), C.R.S.)
  • Inducing a child to commit prostitution by threatening or intimidating the child (Section 18-7-403 (2), C.R.S.)
  • Giving, transporting, providing, or making available a child or offering to transport, provide, or make available a child for the purpose of child prostitution (Section 18-7-403.5, C.R.S.)
  • Exercising control over a place which offers seclusion or shelter for the prostitution of or by a child
    (Section 18-7-404 (2), C.R.S.)
  • Living on or being supported by money or other things of value procured by a child through prostitution
    (Section 18-7-405, C.R.S.)
  • Inducing a child by word or action (other than menacing or criminal intimidation) to engage in prostitution
    (Section 18-7-405.5 (2), C.R.S.)
  • Engaging in a sexual act with a child prostitute; or entering or remaining in a place of prostitution with intent to engage in a sexual act (Section 18-7-406 (1), C.R.S.)

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